Once Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE) are discarded by its owner without the intent of reuse, they become classified as E-waste.

EEE includes a wide range of products with circuity or electrical components with a power or battery supply.

Besides being vastly used within households and businesses with easily recognized items such as kitchen appliances and mobile phones, EEE are being increasingly used in transport, health, and energy. As of recent, EEE grew to include clothes, furniture, “smart homes” and “smart cities”.

Main globally recognized e-waste categories:

Temperature exchange equipment

Examples: Refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners, and heat pumps.

Screens and monitors

Examples: Televisions, monitors, laptops, notebooks, and tablets.


Examples: Fluorescent lamps, high intensity discharge lamps, and LED lamps.

Large equipment

Examples: Washing machines, clothes dryers, dishwashing machines, electric stoves, large printing machines, copying equipment, and photovoltaic panels.

Small equipment

Examples: Vacuum cleaners, microwaves, ventilation equipment, toasters, electric kettles, calculators, radio sets, video cameras, small electrical and electronic tools and small medical devices.

Small IT and Telecommunication equipment

Examples: Mobile phones, Global Positioning System (GPS) devices, pocket calculators, routers, personal computers, printers, and telephones.

© The Illumine Initiative.
All rights reserved.